Peer-Reviewed Publications

Feminist Action at the Negotiation Table: An Exploration Inside the 2010–2016 Colombian Peace Talks – International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice 28, no. 2 (July 2022): 1-24.

Gender mainstreaming and peacemaking are fundamentally about spurring institutional change. Much of the literature on gendering peace negotiations does not explicitly address the institutional nature of these spheres. Using a feminist institutionalist framework, I analyze the 2010–2016 Colombian peace talks to uncover the endogenic formal and informal ‘rules of the game’ that both enabled and constrained feminist work and the eventual incorporation of a gender perspective within the final agreement. I show that Colombia’s exceptional gender perspective in its 2016 peace agreement was due not just to the inclusion of women at the negotiation table but also paradoxically because of and despite continued gendered logics that prioritized the masculine over the feminine. These findings demonstrate that to understand gender mainstreaming outcomes in peace processes we must not simply account for how many women and which women are at the table, but also for the gendered logics of the negotiation space.

On the Strategic Uses of Women’s Rights: Backlash, Rights-based Framing, and Anti-Gender Campaigns in Colombia’s 2016 Peace Agreement – Latin American Politics and Society 63 (3), (August 2021): 46-68.

This article examines organized opposition to feminist and LGBTI political projects in Colombia. Although there is a large body of literature on feminist movements and a growing literature on LGBTI movements, there is little research on resistance to them. Through an intersectional feminist lens, this study analyzes the “anti-gender” campaign organized against the gender perspective in Colombia’s 2016 peace agreement to demonstrate the limitations of backlash theory and certain normative understandings of human rights. In contrast to assumptions that backlash is predetermined, the study demonstrates that the anti-gender mobilization against the peace agreement was circumstantial rather than inevitable. To highlight the productive nature of backlash, it traces how opponents employed human rights rhetoric to establish an alternative present and promote an imagined future rooted in exclusion and repression. In addition, it shows that mobilized backlash against feminist and LGBTI movements does not necessarily decelerate or reverse the respective movements’ agendas.

Usos estratégicos de los derechos de las mujeres: Backlash, enfoque de derechos y campañas anti-género en el acuerod de paz de 2016 en Colombia – Latin American Politics and Society 63 (3), (August 2021): 46-68.

Este artículo examina la oposición organizada contra los proyectos políticos feministas y LGBTI en Colombia. Aunque existe una gran cantidad de literatura sobre movimientos feministas, y una literatura floreciente sobre los movimientos LGBTI, hay poca investigación sobre la resistencia en contra de los mismos. A través de un lente feminista interseccional, este estudio analiza la campaña “anti-género” organizada contra la perspectiva de género en el acuerdo de paz de 2016 en Colombia para demostrar las limitaciones de la teoría del backlash y de algunas de las ideas normativas sobre los derechos humanos. En contraste con las suposiciones según las cuales el backlash estaría predeterminado, el estudio demuestra que la movilización anti-género contra el acuerdo de paz fue más circunstancial que inevitable. Para resaltar como el backlash puede ser productivo, este artículo rastrea cómo las personas oponentes a la perspectiva de género y al acuerdo de paz emplearon la retórica de los derechos humanos para crear un presente alternativo y promover un imaginario futuro arraigado en la exclusión y la represión. Además, muestra que las movilizaciones organizadas en contra de los movimientos feministas y LGBTI no necesariamente desaceleran o revierten las agendas de los respectivos movimientos.

Unpacking “Gender Ideology” and the Global Right’s Antigender Countermovement – Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 44 (3), (Spring 2019): 613-638.

This article examines antigender campaigns as palpable transnational countermovements and considers their use of gender ideology as salient counterstrategies to feminist and LGBTQ+ social movements. By situating antigenderism within countermovement theory, I show that recent antigender activity transcends isolated and uncoordinated instances of resistance and instead operates within sophisticated and well-organized countermovements to defeat feminist and LGBTQ+ policy. By conceptualizing antigenderism as a countermovement, I provide a useful framework for studying national and supranational antigenderism and for understanding the stakes in the tug-of-war among progressive social movements and countermovements for ontological and political control over the term “gender.